To introduce into the world of the human past given notions of Archaeology in general and of Biblical Archaeology in particular.
Course Outlines: 1. Archaeology in general: basic notions. Methodology. Chronology and study. 2. Biblical Archaeology. 3. Jewish Archaeology. 4. Christian Archaeology. 5. Archaeology in the Holy Land. Human habitation: villages and cities, walls and gates, ancient water systems, monuments, houses. Profane buildings: baths, theatre, amphitheatre, nymphaea, circus, odeon. Sacred sites: high places, temples, tombs, synagogues, mikvaoth. 6. Qumran. History and importance. Documents. 7. The Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, students are expected to demonstrate in writing the strengthening of their understanding of the historicity of the Gospels.
Aharoni, Yohanan. 1983. The Archaeology of the Land of Israel: From the Prehistoric Beginnings to the End of the First Temple Period. England: SCM Press; Avigad, Hahman. 1984. Discovering Jerusalem. Nashville: Blackwell Publishers; Finkelstein, Israel, and Neil Silberman. 2006. David And Solomon: In Search of the Bible’s Sacred Kings and the Roots of the Western Tradition. New York: Free Press; Finkelstein, Israel. 2001. The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology’s New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts. New York: Free Press; Hoppe, Leslie. 1984. What Are They Saying About Archaeology? Mahwah: Paulist Press; Kenyon, Kathleen. 1987. The Bible and Recent Archeology. Revisited Edition by Peter Roger Stuart Moorey. London: British Museum Publications; Loffreda, Stanislao. 2003. Holy Land Pottery at the Time of Jesus: Early Roman Period, 63 BC - 70 AD. Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press; Miron, Eyal, ed. 1999. Jerusalem: A Walk Through Time: Yad Ben-Zvi’s Walking-Tour Guide. 2 vols. Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi Press; Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome. 2008. The Holy Land. An Oxford Archaeological Guide. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Price, Randall. 2014. Dead Sea Scrolls. San Francisco: Rose Publishing; Ritmeyer, Leen. 2006. The Quest: Revealing the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. Jerusalem, Carta – Lamb Foundation; Stern, Ephraim, ed. 1993. The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. 4 vols. New York: Simon et Schuster.