Birth of a New Age. Church and State Relationships. Political evolution and its effects: 1789-1914. The “Roman Question”: from temporal power to spiritual freedom. Separatism, a solution to Church and State relationships? Political evolution, its effects: 1914-Present Day. The Church in New Relations with Society. The Social Question. Church and Modern World: The Syllabus; Modernism; Gaudium et Spes. The Life of the Church in the World. Vatican I. The Missions: From foreign missions to Local Churches: Mission and Colonialism; Birth of the ‘Third Church’. Rebirth in England. Church and Churches: The Ecumenical movement. A Renewed Church in and for the World. Vatican II. The “changing” reality of the Church: Laity; Clergy. Some “structural” changes: Curia; Canon Law; New forms of presence. Conclusion.
Textbook: COMBY J. & MACCULLOCH D., How to read Church History, vol.2, From the Reformation to the Present Day, London, 2005, chapters 19-22. AUBERT R. (ed.), Christian Centuries, London, 1978, vol.5. BARRY J. (ed.), Readings in Church History, Westminster (Maryland), 1985. BELLITTO C.M., The General Councils: A History of the Twenty-One Church Councils from Nicaea to Vatican II, New York, 2002. BOKENKOTTER TH., A Concise History of the Catholic Church, New York, 1979. DUFFY E., Saints and Sinners, Yale (YUP), 1997. HOLMES D., The Papacy in the Modern World, New York, 1981. JEDIN H., History of the Church, vol. 7-10. LATOURETTE K.S., History of the Expansion of Christianity, vol. 4-7. MARTINA G., La Chiesa nell’età dell’assulutismo, liberalismo, totalitarismo, Brescia, 1978, vol. 3-4. MAYEUR J-M. et alii (eds), Histoire du Christianisme, vol. 10-13. MCGONICLE T - QUIGLEY J., A History of the Christian Tradition, New York, 1996, vol.2. For the general background, see the General History of Europe in the Longman paperback edition (Open University Textbook): P.L. FORD, Europe, 1780-1830; H. HEARDER, Europe in the XIX c.; J. ROBERTS, Europe, 1880-1945.