Birth of a New Age. Church and State Relationships. Political evolution and its effects: 1789-1914. The “Roman Question”: from temporal power to spiritual freedom. Separatism, a solution to Church and State relationships? Political evolution, its effects: 1914-Present Day. The Church in New Relations with Society. The Social Question. Church and Modern World: The Syllabus; Modernism; Gaudium et Spes. The Life of the Church in the World. Vatican I. The Missions: From foreign missions to Local Churches: Mission and Colonialism; Birth of the ‘Third Church’. Rebirth in England. Church and Churches: The Ecumenical movement. A Renewed Church in and for the World. Vatican II. The “changing” reality of the Church: Laity; Clergy. Some “structural” changes: Curia; Canon Law; New forms of presence. Conclusion.
Textbook: Handouts given by the lecturer. AUBERT R. (ed.), Christian Centuries, London, 1978, vol.5. BARRY J. (ed.), Readings in Church History, Westminster, Maryland, 1985. BELLITTO C.M., The General Councils: A History of the Twenty-One Church Councils from Nicaea to Vatican II, New York, 2002. BOKENKOTTER TH., A Concise History of the Catholic Church, New York, 1979. DUFFY E., Saints and Sinners, Yale (YUP), 1997. COMBY J. & MACCULLOCH D., How to read Church History, vol.2, From the Reformation to the Present Day, London, 2005, chapters 19-22. HOLMES D., The Papacy in the Modern World, New York, 1981. JEDIN H., History of the Church, vol. 7-10. LATOURETTE K.S., History of the Expansion of Christianity, vol. 4-7. MARTINA G., La Chiesa nell’età dell’ assulotismo, liberalismo, totalitarismo, Brescia, 1978, vol. 3-4. MAYEUR J-M. - ALII (eds.), Histoire du Christianisme, vol. 10-13. MCGONICLE T - QUIGLEY J., A History of the Christian Tradition, New York, 1996, vol.2. For the general background, see the General History of Europe in the Longman paperback edition (Open University Textbook): P.L. Ford, Europe, 1780-1830. HEARDER H., Europe in the XIX c.; J. Roberts, Europe, 1880-1945.