This course is designed to assist Students, through the studies of several themes, to acquire a worthy knowledge of the evolution of the past two hundred years of Church History.
I. Birth of a New Age. Church and State Relationships. a. Political evolution and its effects: 1789-1914. Age of revolutions (1789-1801), the divorce; Napoleonic Empire (1801-1815), enforced marriage; Restoration (1815-1848) good-old-time marriage still possible? Pius IX and the European States (1848-1878), the Church forced into freedom; Struggle of the Church (1878-1914) Is separation ‘the’ solution? The “Roman Question”: from temporal power to spiritual freedom. Separatism, a solution to Church and State relationships? b. Political evolution, its effects: 1914-Present Day. Papacy, a ‘voice in the desert’ (1914-1939); The Church, ‘Leaven in the dough’? (1939-today). II. The Church in New Relations with Society. The SocialQuestion. III. Church and the Modern World: The Syllabus; Modernism; Gaudium et Spes. IV. The Life of the Church in the World. Vatican I. The Missions: From foreign missions to Local Churches: Mission and Colonialism; Birth of the ‘Third Church’. Rebirth in England. Church and Churches: The Ecumenical movement. V. A Renewed Church in and for the World. Vatican II. The“changing” reality of the Church: Laity; Clergy. Some “structural” changes: Curia; Canon Law; New forms of presence. VI. Conclusion: Evaluation of the period 1789-2014. Learning Outcomes: - Students will gain a good sense of the challenges the Church had to face during this period. - They will identify the different elements of the new awareness the Church acquired about her mission: One Church, in and for the world. - They will discover the origins and development of several questions still very much part of today’s Church. - They will better evaluate the role of Vatican II and its continuing enlightening role in the life of the Church.
Professor’s notes AUBERT R. (ed.), Christian Centuries, Vol. 5 (London, Darton, Longman and Todd 1978); BARRY J. (ed.), Readings in Church History (Maryland, Christian Classics 1985); BELLITTO C.M., The General Councils: A History of the Twenty-One Church Councils from Nicaea to Vatican II (Mahwah, Paulist Press 2005); BOKENLKOTTER T., A Concise History of the Catholic Church (Fairfield, Rainbow Books 2004); COMBY J.-D. MACCULLOCH, How to read Church History, Vol. 2 (New York, Crossroads Publishing 1999) Chapters 19-22; DUFFY E., Saints and Sinners (Yale, Yale University Press 1997); JEDIN H., History of the Church, Vols. 7-10 (New York, Crossroads Publishing 1993); LATOURETTE K.S., History of the Expansion of Christianity, Vols. 4-7 (Charlston, Nabu 2011); MARTINA G., La Chiesa nell’età dell’assolutismo, liberalismo, totalitarismo, Vols. 3-4 (Brescia, Morcelliana 1978); FORD P.L., Europe:1780 -1830 (London, Longman 1989); HEARDER H., Europe in the XIX c. (London, Longman 1988); LONGMAN, The General History of Europe (in the paperback edition: Open University Textbook); ROBERTS J., Europe, 1880-1945 (London, Longman 1989).